We will be writing more about this with resources and help .

Human Trafficking and Slavery. Sex and Labor SE Asia

Listing NGO and help lines.

Will write about each SE Asia country . Next though will be a listing of NGO to inform and to help those caught in the horror of being trafficked and slavery.

Women children and men. Labor and sex.

What can we do?

Estimated 21 million people trapped and some say up to 30 million. It is world wide.

Please go to our page and give us a like.

Please share to help !!

If you have a story or know someone that needs help. Please contact us . We are now building a list of resources.

For Freedom International updated. We do not recommend at this time.

I have lived in Thailand over 10 years and you cant miss seeing the sex trade even if you are not looking for it. Not just Phuket, but Pattaya Bangkok and rest of Thailand. Most of the girls are from Issan or North East Thailand. That is the poorest area if Thailand. The Thai culture is the daughter is responsible for taking care of her parents in old age. That today has translated to taking care of all the family. The daughter thru peer pressure culture pressure to provide money no matter the cost to herself. Brothers will have a family, home . While often the sister gives up her life. I have seen it. Holiday daughter comes home with the money while the father and brothers take the money get drunk play cards.

Human trafficking is a serious crime. Often a person trying to escape is tortured or killed.

There are many legitimate well organized NGO that can and will help.

We do not recommend this NGO.

If you need help or know someone that needs help in Thailand.

We do not suggest this NGO at this time.

We suggest A21 , Zoe international for children. Also Nightlight in Bangkok are excellent legitimate NGO.

What can be done!

For Freedom International is a organization that offers the girls a chance to break away.

About For Freedom. Text is from their web site.

About Us

About FFI

For Freedom International started with a dream to see the marginalized, vulnerable, and exploited set free from the injustice of oppression. That dream has drawn our team from around the globe to Thailand, a truly beautiful country in the throes of combatting human trafficking and sexual exploitation. FFI has begun our work in the province of Phuket, one of the largest sex tourism destinations in Southeast Asia, and we’re implementing our holistic approach outward, trusting God to bring freedom and hope to the people of Phuket, to the rest of Thailand, to Southeast Asia, and back to those living in the West.

How to help Donate

With your help freedom is possible

Immediate Needs

Whether it’s a one-time gift or you become part of our Freedom Team through monthly donations, we’ll maximize your giving where it’s needed most.

Current Campaigns

We have many interdependent projects that help us work for freedom. See which project we’re currently highlighting, and how you can be part of it!
Learn about our current campaign here.

Sponsor a Student

You can come along side of one of our vocational training participants and journey through her process of restoration.

Phone: 701.850.0868 +66 (0)95.095.4786 Email: Email Us

For Freedom International

Contact Us

Get in Touch with For Freedom International

USA: 3417 Ivy Drive, Grand Forks, ND, 58201


USA: 1.320.497.3765

Thailand: +66 (0) 95.095.4786

My magazine added this.

Thailand advice for tourist mourning of the King.

TAT issues advice for foreign tourists

October 14, 2016 19:01 
By The Nation

Regarding to an official period of mourning following the passing of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT) would like all visitors to Thailand to continue with their travel plans as normal and kindly be advised.

• Many Thai people will be wearing black or white clothing as a sign of mourning. This is not required of visitors but if possible, they should wear sombre and respectful clothing when in public.

• Visitors should refrain from conducting any inappropriate or disrespectful behaviour.

• Tourist attractions will be open as usual with the exception of Wat Phra Kaeo (Temple of the Emerald Buddha) and the Grand Palace, as they will be the venue of the Royal Funeral Rites.

• The Government has asked for the cooperation from the entertainment venues; such as, bars and nightclubs to consider the opening of their business operations during this time. The decision will be made by the individual owners.

• Most of the traditional and cultural events will be taking place as usual, although the celebrations may be changed for appropriateness as a mark of respect, or the events may be dedicated to the memory of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej.

• All transport, banks, hospitals and other public services will be operating as usual.

• The related authorities have stepped up safety and security measures for all Thais and visitors to facilitate their travelling around the country.

• For any enquiries, please contact our TAT domestic offices or Tel.: 1672.


Value your own opinion/judgement and avoid ignorance by jackie

We live in a great time for learning and communication via the internet but sadly I think some just surround themselves with comfort.

Years ago I learned that  sometimes a person that you would expect to know what they are talking about or have the good judgement in making a choice or decision can be wrong.  It could actual result in death.  Often it is disagreeing today on social media FB.  Many people except a FB post as the truth and surround themselves with like minded people which is cool except can lead to ignorance is bliss or willful ignorance

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I started to think about this couple days ago having a conversation with a friend in the USA on FB.  She is an educated person and a book keeper or accountant for taxes.  We had a disagreement about dividends and rate of tax.  She said ” I am a tax accountant and you are just a liberal with your views but you dont know what you are talking about.  Ok her argument was she was a tax accountant and I was just a tax payer so would not be informed.  When I did a google search and the first 2 that came up I used in my comment.  That was ignored.   haha  After all she was a “tax accountant”  and I was not!

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About 40 years ago my father had an accident and broke his back.  My mother was away shopping so as the oldest I was called to the hospital. I have never seen my father cry before. He was in so much pain!  The hospital tried to do x-ray  and there was a neurosurgeon on call.  That night they could not get an x-ray. They said ‘ it might be several days before they could do it.  My mother would not accept that answer as we thought my dad would be dead.  She arranged to have him moved to a extremely well known hospital and a world renown surgeon to see him.  The next morning moved, and x-rays and operated on , all with hours of arriving at the new hospital. The lower 3 vertebrae in his back was pulverized  My dads life was saved. I am not suggesting ignoring medical advice or expert advice.  But if you dont like the answer/advice  given, seek a new answer or do some RESEARCH!

Last year my 2 yr old son was running fever and not drinking water Sunday evening!  I wanted to wait till Monday morning to take to the doctor.  I could see he was becoming dehydrated.  I decided to take to emergency room. The doctor diagnosed him with hand, foot, mouth which I new nothing about but do know about dehydration.  After the doctor prescribed medication  and was going to send us home.  I asked the doctor did he think my son was dehydrated?  Yes was his answer. Did he think my son should be admitted to get an IV for fluids. answer “up to you”   My son was dehydrated because of blisters in his mouth and dehydration can cause death!  You can read more about hand foot mouth on an article i wrote, after my son was well and I did research.  The doctor was wrong about NOT HYDRATING my son!

I am not saying go against science or not listening to experts.   I am saying we are living in a time where all the information is available thru the internet and is FREE.  Do you need some wisdom and common sense in who to read?  YES   There are a few that for example that question vaccination of children for measles which ALL the MEDICAL  and SCIENTIFIC Community say and can prove it is safe and saves lives.  I believe in holistic medicine but that is with main stream medicine.  Get sick go to the doctor, but nutrition can help!

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Most of Europe and in the USA  there is freedom to question government, leaders.  In the USA we have done it for over 200 years.  Some countries can not question the leaders.  That does not mean you can not learn, research.  You may not be able to disagree in public but that does not shut down your brain.  History is a great teacher.

“That men do not learn very much from the lessons of history is the most important of all the lessons that history has to teach.”
Aldous Huxley, Collected Essays

“Those who don’t know history are doomed to repeat it.”
Edmund Burke

As an American I was taught american and world history in high school  and today amazed how many of my friends from then must have been asleep!  As so many american adults are so ignorant of american history,  The founding fathers and what they said and did.  How can you know what makes us american if you know nothing of what made  america, american!    The same would be true I think all civilizations.

I love the experience of meeting new people with different backgrounds.  I am blessed to have friends from many countries around the world and all religions. I often experience that some of my americans friends that are conservative will unfriend me on social media.  That is ok but I think dangerous to only surround yourself with people that agree with you.  In my HS, our asst principal and I were friends on FB.  He made a post headed “I may offend some” and then  list about 20 very short quotes all related  against liberals, socialism, government and how it was wrong to tax the rich.  Also made the comment that tax payers should never expect anything in return from a government that taxes it people!   I replied that I was disappointed that as an educator he had nothing to say that was inspiring and that as an educator working for a public school funded by tax payers (socialism) and worked there all his working life was that not a little strange coming from him?  He Unfriended me!  hahaha


Taken Fairhope, Alabama my great grandmother lived in Kansas

   That’s me long time ago, the youngest one in the photo with my 2 older cousins, my Great Grandmother next to me and my mother behind all of us.

I am the last (almost) of the people that I grew up with. My immediate family.  I say that as living away from those that are left, living 1/2 way around the world for all purposes I am the last one!  I think many expats during the holidays can feel that way.  Many of my friends live away from their home country and family. I see many comments/post reflecting the sadness and loneliness of the holidays!  I am the oldest of my siblings, and 3rd oldest of my 10 first  cousins.  I grew up in a close family where family was everything and important. I have letters where my grandparents wrote their family as far away as Europe.  Before the internet or telephone they would make the effort to stay in touch.  I may hear (email) from my sister, that growing up we were the closest, once a year and never emails back. My bother passed away number of years ago. My baby sister is a busy person with her church. I think it maybe just the sign of the times!  My sister Beth husband Dennis( more a brother than brother-in-law)  loves family and we do stay in touch.  I have a wonderful family in America, we love and miss each other.   We all can get busy in life.  Just dont forget to smell the roses along the way!  


Me,my mother, her mother and my sister

Belongingness the need to belong

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Belongingness is the human emotional need to be an accepted member of a group. Whether it is family, friends, co-workers, or a sports team, humans tend to have an ‘inherent’ desire to belong and be an important part of something greater than themselves. This implies a relationship that is greater than simple acquaintance or familiarity. The need to belong is the need to give, and receive attention to, and from, others.[1]

Belonging is a strong and inevitable feeling that exists in human nature. To belong or not to belong can occur due to choices of one’s self, or the choices of others. Not everyone has the same life and interests, hence not everyone belongs to the same thing or person. Without belonging, one cannot identify themselves as clearly, thus having difficulties communicating with and relating to their surroundings.[1]

Roy Baumeister and Mark Leary argue that belongingness is such a fundamental human motivation that we feel severe consequences of not belonging. If it wasn’t so fundamental, then lack of belonging wouldn’t have such dire consequences on us. This desire is so universal that the need to belong is found across all cultures and different types of people

Growing up, both my parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles  would visit their parents and siblings for vacations, holidays.  Made effort to stay close. Required driving, US Mail, and telephone (long distance phone calls then were expensive). My grandfather immigrated from Bohemia in the 1890s and when an old man flew back to see family back in Europe.  All required more effort, and often money compared to today with internet and almost free international calls. Digital photos that can be shared free!

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The oldest of the 10 first cousin David,  when he was dying, felt alone!  We talked many times the last several months before he died of cancer and was sad about how family had forgotten him.  He was also the last of my family, for me,  that we could talk about our families when they lived in Fairhope, Alabama  and he worked for my Dad so we had much in common, love of family, horses, boats and many vacations together as kids. “Need to belong is what makes us human”.  Holidays were important to David. He would cook and help make everyones holiday Happy. David was single, but during the holidays would cook a turkey even if he was alone at the end of his life!  “There is growing evidence that the interpersonal factor of belongingness is strongly associated with depressive symptoms. The impression of low relational value is consciously experienced as reduced self-esteem. Reduced self-esteem is a fundamental element of depressive symptoms” wikipedia

   We all live busy lives but we all spend our time how we want too. We spend our time on what is important to us. We are NOT busier than generations in the past.  We just have different things that we spend time on.

For me it is understandable  that I live away and not home with them for holidays and so dont have much in common and easily forgotten.  I am blessed at my age because I have small kids WOW I know!   They do take up much of my time and busy making family memories for them. One of the values of asian culture that attracted me to Thailand was the love of family and importance of family in daily life.

What can you do?

What can you do if you are an expat or old person and friends family do not care about staying in touch?  Nothing you can do will change them. NOTHING.  You have to be yourself, make new friends and contacts. The internet can let your explore the world. I have met and write people from all over the world all faiths!  Will you still miss them YES!

My great Uncle Bill did a family tree and we can trace my family back to 980  England.  He was well todo and when he did this it was actual traveling to tax office etc to look at public records.  I finish or updated the tree about 15 years ago.  Sadly, when I am gone no one that is left in my family will know anything about it as no ones cares now!

My commentary

This not about sadness but how I think some in todays generations have misplaced the value of family and knowing who you came from.  My humanity is based not just on my faith/religion but the example my grandparents, parents gave me.  Love of family. love of travel, love of nature, love of the journey, love of reading, love of learning/understanding, value of work, never give up, and even love of photography. The man in the photo with the field camera is my great grandfather Sam Beaty.  My oldest son is named after him. On the bottom row on the left is Jack Beaty.  My mother youngest sister is Jackie and I am Jackie. The young girl is my  grandmother Harriet Arzalia Beaty.  He mother, next to Sam Beaty, name was Harriet and we had 5 generations name Harriet. The boy in the middle is Harvey Beaty, My brother looked very much like him. When I was young and trying to make a place in life, be successful at work, easy to lose sight of the people you love the most. As I have become older many regrets of ME not choosing to give my time to my family. I am guilty too!  

If you have a Mac/Apple  you get a free app Facetime . You can call anywhere in the world free if on the internet!  Skype is also a free app.  If the person on the other end has Skype, that call is also free if on the internet. If not, very very cheap plans for international calls.  I have it Thailand to the US is about $3 for every 3 months. each month you get 60 min of call time. 

Reach out and touch someone


My Parents

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Early civilizations considered both exile and death as equal punishments. Individuals in other countries strive to belong so much that being exiled or shunned from their society is the biggest dishonor. Wikipedia

Relationships missing regular contact but characterized by strong feelings of commitment and intimacy will also fail to satisfy the need. Just knowing that a bond exists may be emotionally comforting, yet it would not provide a feeling of full belongingness if there is a lack of interaction between the persons. The belongingness hypothesis proposes two main features. First, people need constant, positive, personal interactions with other people. Second, people need to know that the bond is stable, there is mutual concern for one another, and that there will be a continuation of that attachment into the future. This means that the need to belong is not just a need for intimate attachments or a need for connections, but that the perception of the bond is just as important as the bond itself. They need to know that the other person cares about his or her well-being and loves him or her.

You can read about What is Holistic Heath and Well Being

Estelea's Blog

Occidental men of all ages, if you are looking for a beautiful girlfriend, come to the Philippines!

Candidates for this year's Miss Philippines- Earth beauty pageant. Filipinas are the most awarded Beauty Queens of the world. Candidates for this year’s Miss Philippines- Earth beauty pageant. The Philippines already won all International beauty pageants: Miss World, Miss Universe, Miss International, and Miss Earth.

Ask any Caucasian male how his ego feels in the Philippines, the answer is unanimous :” like a God. I would never dream of attracting so many beautiful women back home. And so easily“. The rudest ones would add “country of cheap booze and cheap stunning women!”.

Does it mean that those Filipinas who work in bars and sadly well known clubs have better tastes than us Occidental women? “all they want is to get pregnant, they are a bunch of gold diggers, real bitches” is how most expat women (and rich Filipinas) will tell you. While their husbands will probably nod their head and smile at…

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“Refugees are Human Beings” from an American that lives in SE ASIA

WE do not usual write about politics and try to just share the beauty of SE Asia with information to help you enjoy your stay here.

There are 4 reasons a country or people may object to helping.  FEAR IGNORANCE HATE or ECONOMICS


I am an American, Christian and live in SE Asia for a number of years.  I worked in Iraq as an american contractor so have seen what war does to families.  First refugees is a moral issue for me so that is the main factor shaping my view.  My grandfather was also an immigrant from Bohemia that came to America in the late 1890s to have a better life, so my family heritage.   I write this because have seen a number of americans some politicians, friends, and family that are against the US accepting Syrian refugees. This saddens me and is embarrassing but most of all disgusting!  Number of “want to be President of America” using fear and ignorance as a means to get votes! Not inspiring  americans but bringing out the worst in mankind.   Also, the Syrian refugees are not the only refugees, as in SE Asia the Rohingya Refugees is also a crisis!  The number of refugees around the world is a huge number “The latest figures available show that the number of refugees of concern to UNHCR in mid-2014 stood at 13 million refugees, up from a year earlier” UNHCR  “The refugees of concern to UNHCR are spread around the world, with half in Asia and some 28 per cent in Africa. They live in widely varying conditions, from well-established camps and collective centres to makeshift shelters or living in the open.” WikipediaAt the end of 2014, there were 19.5 million refugees worldwide 14.4 million under UNHCR‘s mandate, plus 5.1 million Palestinian refugees under UNRWA‘s mandate)”

Photos from Google Photos

Syrian Refugees

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Rohingya Refugees

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Refugee and immigration or fleeing religious persecution, economic hardship is not new.  America was founded by people fleeing Europe from religious intolerance  and poverty. 

Flowing Across Borders

text from UNHCR

The practice of granting asylum to people fleeing persecution in foreign lands is one of the earliest hallmarks of civilization. References to it have been found in texts written 3,500 years ago, during the blossoming of the great early empires in the Middle East such as the Hittites, Babylonians, Assyrians and ancient Egyptians.

Global migration patterns have become increasingly complex in modern times, involving not just refugees, but also millions of economic migrants. But refugees and migrants, even if they often travel in the same way, are fundamentally different, and for that reason are treated very differently under modern international law.

Migrants, especially economic migrants, choose to move in order to improve the future prospects of themselves and their families. Refugees have to move if they are to save their lives or preserve their freedom. They have no protection from their own state – indeed it is often their own government that is threatening to persecute them. If other countries do not let them in, and do not help them once they are in, then they may be condemning them to death – or to an intolerable life in the shadows, without sustenance and without rights.


An Introduction to Statelessness

text from UNHCR

People are often asked, at some point in their lives, what nationality they have. However, not many question how and why they have acquired their nationality. Is nationality something we are born with? Is it something we acquire? Can we lose it? The answer to these questions is yes. However, unless you have encountered problems with your nationality, you probably take it for granted.

Having a nationality is something so natural that people rarely stop to think about what life would be like without it. But at least 10 million people worldwide have no nationality. That is the same as the combined populations of Norway and Denmark. Moreover, most of these 10 million people are stateless by no fault of their own. Statelessness – not having a nationality – occurs because of discrimination against certain groups; redrawing of borders; and gaps in nationality laws.

The constant in all of this is that someone without a nationality cannot live the same life as someone with a nationality:

  • Try to get an ID card if you have no nationality;
  • Try opening a bank account without an ID card;
  • Try to board a flight without a passport;
  • Try to enrol in university without proof of nationality.

These things are impossible for stateless people to do in a way that is safe and dignified. So imagine a lifetime of obstacles and disappointment and imagine 10 million people who cannot achieve their full potential.

Read More

Coral Day, A Dream to Restore Bangka Island

indahs: dive, travel & photography

Marine Life mediumEighth edition of Marine Life monthly post. Marine Life post is published every 19th of the month. It aims to share information on specific marine life species and to promote their conservation. All images are taken by Indah Susanti unless stated otherwise.

Coral reefs are often called as the rainforest of the sea. It is estimated that one quarter of the ocean population depends on the coral reefs for shelter and food. Without coral reefs, they will be homeless and have no place to reproduce. Oceans consist of only about 0,1% of coral reefs. Millions of people in the world directly or indirectly depend on the coral reefs for food, income and medicines.

“The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) study found that coral reefs generate up to US$1, 25 million per hectare from tourism, coastal protection, bioprospecting and fisheries annually.” Source: UNEP, Coral Reefs – Valuable but Vulnerable.

The contribution to people’s lives…

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Lemon in Cambodia

Ever had a rather ambitious idea and then actually made it happen? These past few weeks have seen a stroke of inspiration I had about a year ago evolve into something tangible.
My workplace, Sovann Komar, has always done sporadic community outreach work. When I accompanied the orphanage director and some of the children to see a book donation project last year, I was immediately interested in getting more involved. As of September, I have become the co-ordinator of my own little project: Sovann Komar Outreach Program for Education (SKOPE).
Through SKOPE, I will organise several projects each year, helping rural schools throughout Cambodia in various ways. We are aiming to provide these schools with the basic necessities: classrooms, running water (toilet blocks and wells), and equipment (text books, exercise books, pens, etc.). These are things we take for granted in western countries but many schools and families struggle to…

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Study: A third of big groundwater basins in distress

By Alan Buis, NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory,

and Janet Wilson, University of California, Irvine

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Groundwater storage trends for Earth’s 37 largest aquifers from UCI-led study using NASA GRACE data (2003 – 2013). Of these, 21 have exceeded sustainability tipping points and are being depleted, with 13 considered significantly distressed, threatening regional water security and resilience. Credit: UC Irvine/NASA/JPL-Caltech. View larger image.


Groundwater storage trends for Earth’s 37 largest aquifers from UCI-led study using NASA GRACE data (2003 – 2013). Of these, 21 have exceeded sustainability tipping points and are being depleted, with 13 considered significantly distressed, threatening regional water security and resilience. Credit: UC Irvine/NASA/JPL-Caltech. View larger image.

About one third of Earth’s largest groundwater basins are being rapidly depleted by human consumption, despite having little accurate data about how much water remains in them, according to two new studies led by the University of California, Irvine (UCI), using data from NASA’s Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellites.

This means that significant segments of Earth’s population are consuming groundwater quickly without knowing when it might run out, the researchers conclude. The findings are published today in Water Resources Research.

“Available physical and chemical measurements are simply insufficient,” said UCI professor and principal investigator Jay Famiglietti, who is also the senior water scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. “Given how quickly we are consuming the world’s groundwater reserves, we need a coordinated global effort to determine how much is left.”

The studies are the first to comprehensively characterize global groundwater losses with data from space, using readings generated by NASA’s twin GRACE satellites. GRACE measures dips and bumps in Earth’s gravity, which are affected by the mass of water. In the first paper, researchers found that 13 of the planet’s 37 largest aquifers studied between 2003 and 2013 were being depleted while receiving little to no recharge.

The most overburdened aquifers are in the world’s driest areas, where populations draw heavily on underground water. Climate change and population growth are expected to intensify the problem.

Eight were classified as “overstressed,” with nearly no natural replenishment to offset usage. Another five were found to be “extremely” or “highly” stressed, depending upon the level of replenishment in each. Those aquifers were still being depleted but had some water flowing back into them.

The most overburdened aquifers are in the world’s driest areas, where populations draw heavily on underground water. Climate change and population growth are expected to intensify the problem.

“What happens when a highly stressed aquifer is located in a region with socioeconomic or political tensions that can’t supplement declining water supplies fast enough?” asked Alexandra Richey, the lead author on both studies, who conducted the research as a UCI doctoral student. “We’re trying to raise red flags now to pinpoint where active management today could protect future lives and livelihoods.”

The research team—which included co-authors from NASA, the National Center for Atmospheric Research, National Taiwan University and UC Santa Barbara—found that the Arabian Aquifer System, an important water source for more than 60 million people, is the most overstressed in the world.

The Indus Basin aquifer of northwestern India and Pakistan is the second-most overstressed, and the Murzuk-Djado Basin in northern Africa is third. California’s Central Valley, used heavily for agriculture and suffering rapid depletion, was slightly better off, but was still labeled highly stressed in the first study.

“As we’re seeing in California right now, we rely much more heavily on groundwater during drought,” said Famiglietti. “When examining the sustainability of a region’s water resources, we absolutely must account for that dependence.”

In a companion paper published today in the same journal, the scientists conclude that the total remaining volume of the world’s usable groundwater is poorly known, with estimates that often vary widely. The total groundwater volume is likely far less than rudimentary estimates made decades ago. By comparing their satellite-derived groundwater loss rates to what little data exist on groundwater availability, the researchers found major discrepancies in projected “time to depletion.” In the overstressed Northwest Sahara Aquifer System, for example, time to depletion estimates varied between 10 years and 21,000 years.

“We don’t actually know how much is stored in each of these aquifers. Estimates of remaining storage might vary from decades to millennia,” said Richey. “In a water-scarce society, we can no longer tolerate this level of uncertainty, especially since groundwater is disappearing so rapidly.”

The study notes that the dearth of groundwater is already leading to significant ecological damage, including depleted rivers, declining water quality and subsiding land.

Groundwater aquifers are typically located in soils or deeper rock layers beneath Earth’s surface. The depth and thickness of many large aquifers make it tough and costly to drill or otherwise reach bedrock and understand where the moisture bottoms out. But it has to be done, the authors say.

To read the technical papers, visit here and here.

GRACE is a joint mission with the German Aerospace Center and the German Research Center for Geosciences, in partnership with the University of Texas at Austin. JPL developed the GRACE spacecraft and manages the mission for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington.

Learn more about GRACE here and here.

via Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet: Study: A third of big groundwater basins in distress.

  we will writing about this on an ongoing basis at is effecting many parts of the world that just a few years ago there was not a problem.  Will use many sources and try and use science and not the politics!

Water scarcity

In Meatu district, Shinyanga region, Tanzania (Africa), water most often comes from open holes dug in the sand of dry riverbeds, and it is invariably contaminated.

Physical water scarcity and economic water scarcity by country. 2006

Water scarcity is the lack of sufficient available water resources to meet the demands of water usage within a region. It already affects every continent and around 2.8 billion people around the world at least one month out of every year. More than 1.2 billion people lack access to clean drinking water.[1]

Water scarcity involves water stress, water shortage or deficits, and water crisis. While the concept of water stress is relatively new, it is the difficulty of obtaining sources of fresh water for use during a period of time and may result in further depletion and deterioration of available water resources.[2] Water shortages may be caused by climate change, such as altered weather patterns including droughts or floods, increased pollution, and increased human demand and overuse of water.[3] A water crisis is a situation where the available potable, unpolluted water within a region is less than that region’s demand.[4] Water scarcity is being driven by two converging phenomena: growing freshwater use and depletion of usable freshwater resources.[5]

Water scarcity can be a result of two mechanisms: physical (absolute) water scarcity and economic water scarcity, where physical water scarcity is a result of inadequate natural water resources to supply a region’s demand, and economic water scarcity is a result of poor management of the sufficient available water resources. According to the United Nations Development Programme, the latter is found more often to be the cause of countries or regions experiencing water scarcity, as most countries or regions have enough water to meet household, industrial, agricultural, and environmental needs, but lack the means to provide it in an accessible manner.[6]

The reduction of water scarcity is a goal of many countries and governments. The UN recognizes the importance of reducing the number of people without sustainable access to clean water and sanitation. The Millennium Development Goals within the United Nations Millennium Declaration state that by 2015 they resolve to

“halve the proportion of people who are unable to reach or to afford safe drinking water

More than one in every six people in the world is water stressed, meaning that they do not have access to potable water.  In China, more than 538 million people are living in a water-stressed region. Much of the water stressed population currently live in river basins where the usage of water resources greatly exceed the renewal of the water source.

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First they came for the Socialists, and I did not speak out— Because I was not a Socialist. Then they came for the Trade Unionists, and I did not speak out— Because I was not a Trade Unionist…. Read More

First they came for the Socialists, and I did not speak out

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